Cuba //

Fact file


  • Cuba lies at the mouth of the Gulf of Mexico and is bound on the south by the Caribbean Sea and to the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean. It is the largest island in the Caribbean and covers 110,861 sq km.
  • According to UNICEF, Cuba has a 100 percent adult literacy rate, the highest in all of Latin America. Life expectancy at birth is 79 years, also the highest in Latin America.
  • The Eastern province of Granma and one of Cuba’s national newspapers are both named after the boat which carried Fidel Castro and 81 other rebels back home from exile back 1956. The boat itself was named after the original owner’s grandmother.
  • Ethnically, the population is predominantly of mixed African and European ancestry, as the indigenous Taíno who inhabited Cuba before Columbus’s arrival were almost entirely wiped out by Spanish invasion and European diseases. The population is currently 51 percent mixed race, 37 percent white, 11 percent black and 1 percent Asian.
  • The world’s smallest bird, the bee hummingbird, is indigenous to Cuba.
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