One of the West’s wildest Gold Rush towns, DEADWOOD, in a deep gulch 42 miles northwest of Rapid City, has the rare accolade of being a National Historic Landmark in its entirety, although you’d never know it for the liberal assortment of gambling halls and souvenir shops strung along Main Street. Within a year of the discovery of gold here in 1876, six thousand diggers swarmed in to stake their claims; the usual array of con artists, outlaws and other dodgy frontier types trailed closely. Among them was James Butler, aka Wild Bill Hickok, a spy, scout, bullwhacker, stagecoach driver, sheriff and gambler who spent only a few weeks in Deadwood prior to his murder here by a young drifter in 1876. Martha “Calamity Jane” Canary Burke, an illiterate alcoholic whose chequered career included stints as scout, prostitute, nurse and even stage performer, arrived around the same time as Hickok; despite barely knowing him, she was buried 27 years later beside Hickok in nearby Mount Moriah Cemetery.